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The

Legend

The People's Champ

Muhammad Ali touches countless lives with his unwavering spirit. He was not only a monumental athlete, but also a humanitarian and a global citizen – the legend of Muhammad Ali goes far beyond the boxing ring.

“He Who is Not Courageous enough to Take Risks Will Accomplish Nothing in Life”

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Revolutionary Fighting Techniques

Ali was an innovative strategist, introducing new techniques to the art of fighting. His groundbreaking approach had never been seen before.

The Anchor Punch

“It was the perfect punch”

In Ali's second fight against Sonny Liston in Lewiston, ME, Ali knocked out Liston in the first round with a fast right. The Los Angeles Times reported that it was 'no phantom punch.' And Sports Illustrated wrote, "The blow had so much force it lifted Liston's left foot, upon which most of his weight was resting, well off the canvas."

Rope-A-Dope

In The Rumble in the Jungle, Ali fought George Foreman in a much-anticipated battle in Zaire, Africa. Foreman was known for his strength, while Ali was known for his speed and agility. However, Ali spent most of the match leaned up against the ropes covering up and allowing Foreman to punch his arms and body. This tactic drained Foreman of his energy with seemingly little impact on Ali. In the 8th round, a tired Foreman once again tried to pin Ali against the ropes. This time, Ali pounced and landed several punches – ultimately knocking down Foreman, winning the match and reclaiming his title.

The King of Trash Talk

“Sonny Liston is great, but he’ll fall in eight!”

Ali didn’t just win with his fists, he was infamous for taunting and baiting his opponents leading up to the fight and even in the ring with his cunning and clever words. His pre-fight theatrics for the media were very entertaining and would often get into the heads of his opponents, disrupting their mental game. During Rumble in the Jungle with George Foreman, Ali taunted him with “They told me you could punch, George!” According to Foreman: “I thought he was just one more knockout victim until, about the seventh round, I hit him hard to the jaw and he held me and whispered in my ear: ‘That all you got, George?’ I realized that this ain’t what I thought it was.”

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Muhammad Ali's Deer Lake Training Camp

Ali trained for his first ‘comeback’ fight at a mink farm in Reading, PA in 1971, a setting where he could train without being harassed by fans and reporters. Inspired by the secluded setting, Muhammad Ali established a training camp in the countryside in the village of Deer Lake. This became the place where he trained for all of his fights from 1972 until the end of his career. Ed Schuyler of AP News said, “The best time to talk with him [Ali] if you wanted to do it alone was at Deer Lake. He was a different person when he was alone. He’d talk very quietly and somberly, but you rarely had him alone for long...”

403 U.S. 698

Clay V. United States

“I Ain't Got No Quarrel
With Them Viet Cong”

Muhammad Ali was the Heavyweight Champion of the world in 1967, but he began one of his biggest ‘fights’ when he refused to be inducted into the armed forces to fight in the Vietnam War. Ali was arrested, stripped of his titles, and exiled from boxing for 3 years. He cited religious reasons for not entering the draft, and his opposition was highly controversial. He became a voice for a generation that felt American military involvement in Vietnam was wrong, and his willingness to speak out against it earned him many detractors. Ali never wavered. His conviction was overturned in 1971, and he went on to earn back his World Heavyweight Champion title in 1974.

Ali On the Vietnam War

Muhammad Ali’s polarizing decision inspired Americans of all backgrounds. New York Times columnist, William Rhoden, wrote, "Ali's actions changed my standard of what constituted an athlete's greatness. Possessing a killer jump shot or the ability to stop on a dime was no longer enough. What were you doing for the liberation of your people? What were you doing to help your country live up to the covenant of its founding principles?"

Muhammad’s life and career have been played out as much on the front pages of newspapers as on the inside in the sports pages. His early relationship with the Nation of Islam and his insistence on being called Muhammad Ali instead of his “slave name”, Cassius Clay, heralded a new era in black pride. His refusal to be inducted into the United States Army anticipated the growing antiwar movement of the 1960s. His willingness to stage his much-promoted and publicized fights in such far-flung locales as Kinshasa, Manila, and Kuala Lumpur signaled a shift from superpower dominance toward a growing awareness of the developing world.

Clipping of Ali's anti-war stance

Legendary Fights

Muhammad brought extraordinary speed and grace to his sport, while his charm and wit changed what the public expected of a boxer. His accomplishments in the ring are the stuff of legend – two fights with Sonny Liston, where he proclaimed himself “The Greatest” proved he was; three epic wars with Joe Frazier; the stunning victory over George Foreman in the Rumble in the Jungle; and the dethroning of Leon Spinks that led to Ali becoming the heavyweight champion for an unprecedented third time.

Clay Vs. Liston

The fight nearly didn’t happen. Just three days before their scheduled November 1964 bout in Boston, Ali was hospitalized, requiring emergency surgery to repair a hernia. During Ali’s six-month recovery period, complications in Massachusetts led authorities to deny sanctioning the bout. Forced to find a new home for the title fight, promoters settled on tiny St. Dominic’s, an arena in Lewiston, Maine. Only 2,412 fans attended the May 25, 1965 fight, which ended in a first round 2:12 knockout. Ali caught Liston off balance moving forward and landed a lightning fast “anchor punch” to the jaw, snapping Liston’s head back and sending him crashing to the canvas. The photo of Ali over the KO’d Liston is one of the most coveted championship photos in all of sports.

Rumble in the Jungle

On October 30, 1974, Ali battled against George Foreman in the stifling heat of Zaire. It was one of the most anticipated championship fights ever. Foreman was the reigning world champ, younger than Ali, and a huge favorite. He had demolished both Joe Frazier and Ken Norton, the only two fighters who had beaten Ali at that time. Yet Ali claimed to have a secret plan for defeating Foreman. Ali put his famous Rope-A-Dope tactic into action, winning the bout in the 8th round.

Fight of the Century

In 1971, Ali took on Joe Frazier, the fighter who was given Ali’s title after Ali declined draft induction. Both fighters had a legitimate claim to the title. The who’s who of Hollywood was in attendance – or wanted to be – at Madison Square Garden. Frank Sinatra claimed a place at the bout as a photographer for Life Magazine, as it was the only way he could get into the Garden. Ali lost via unanimous decision after 15 brilliant and brutal rounds.

Thrilla In Manilla

Considered one of the greatest fights of the 20th century, Ali-Frazier III, was a brutal 14 round slugfest. The mood of the fighters and their training camps were completely opposite prior to the fight. Ali felt Frazier was past his prime, that he was doing Smokin’ Joe a favor by giving him one big payday before retirement. He and his trainers were relaxed and confident. Joe Frazier was dead serious, training as hard as he ever had. Muhammad’s constant needling of Joe – Ali claimed he was only trying to generate publicity – had gotten under Frazier’s skin.

Uncharacteristically, Ali did not dance, but came out flat-footed, charging straight at Frazier to begin the bout. For the first few rounds, Ali threw a flurry of brutal combinations that had Frazier staggering at times. Showing dogged determination, Frazier kept coming back at Ali, absorbing grinding punishment, and finally getting in shots of his own.

Everyone agreed the two men were punishing each other in great boxing style. No one could predict that both fighters could hold up for 14 rounds of vicious punishment in Manila’s heat. The fight went down to the wire, with Ali pulling out the victory via TKO. Ali stated to his trainer, “Man, this is the closest I’ve ever been to dying.”

A Voice for Those Without One

Ali in Zaire

There has always been far more to Muhammad than what took place in the boxing ring. He was fearless in his stance on civil rights, fighting for people suffering injustices in the United States and the rest of the world.

A Champion of the underdog

A Civil Rights Leader

Daring to go against political policy to help people in need, Muhammad has made goodwill missions to Afghanistan and North Korea; delivered sorely needed medical supplies to an embargoed Cuba; traveled to Iraq and secured the release of 15 United States hostages during the first Gulf War; and journeyed to South Africa to meet Nelson Mandela upon his release from prison.

A Champion of the Underdog

Muhammad Ali was more than a championship boxer. He was a symbol of black aspirations and independence; a man of conviction who proved athletes could discuss subjects outside the arena.

A reporter at one of Ali's last fights asked a bathroom attendant at Caesars Palace if he bet on the fight, and the man replied,

“Yeah, Ali.”

When he was asked why, he said,

“Why? Because he gave me my dignity. Because he's Muhammad Ali, that's why.”

For most people, that says it all.

“I am the Greatest, I said that
Even Before I Knew I was”

“What Keeps me Going is Goals”

-Ali on training

“I hated every minute of training, but I said, don't quit. Suffer now and live the rest of your life as a champion.”

-Ali on Beating Foreman in Zaire

“If my mind can conceive it, and my heart can believe it - Then I can Achieve it”

Me

We

World's shortest poem by Muhammad Ali

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